PureTones Sequencer is a digital musical composer for Indian Classical music. It uses a simple grammar to describe an Indian Classical music composition and then generates a Faust DSP (Digital Signal Processing) code. Faust is a functional programming language for sound synthesis and audio processing. The generated Faust code can be played by pasting the code in the online Faust Editor.
PureTones Sequencer is meant to be used in conjunction with PureTones Drone and PureTones Musical Scale. To understand how a Tanpura and a musical scale can be tuned to each other, please read this article which illustrates the role of the Tanpura in Indian Classical music.
To sequence musical phrases, motifs and compositions in Indian Classical music, check out the PureTones Sequencer Webapp. It has been built using faust2webaudio. Here is a quick user guide.
PureTones Sequencer uses a simple grammar to write compositions using notation from Indian Classical music as specified below:
<motif> = <note> + ' ' + <motif> <note> = <identifier> + ' ' <timing> <identifier> = <name> + <octave> + <shake> <name> = Sa | re | Re | ga | Ga | ma | Ma | Pa | dha | Dha | ni | Ni <octave> = null | " | ' <shake> = null | '(G)' | '(G)(<start>, <end>, <rate>, <times>)' <timing> = null | <jati> + <repeats> <jati> = null | . | ; | , <repeats> = null | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 <start> = number <end> = number <rate> = number <times> = number
motifrefers to a musical composition. It is a sequence of
note's separated by whitespaces.
noteis a pair of an
timingseparated by whitespace.
identifieris a triplet of
shakewithout any separators.
namecould be any one of 12 notes from an octave denoted as follows
Sa re Re ga Ga ma Ma Pa dha Dha ni Niwhere notes beginning with a lowercase are Komal (flat) notes and those beginning with an uppercase are Tivra (sharp) notes. Of course,
Paare always capitalized.
octavespecification is optional. There are three Saptaks (octaves): Mandra (low), Madhya (middle) and Tara (high). A
"denotes Tara Saptak, a
'denotes Mandra Saptak and no octave specification means Madhya Saptak.
shakedenotes whether or not the note is shaken or rendered with a Gamaka. A
shakespecification is optional. It is denoted by
(G)to mean a note with Gamaka or not specified to mean an unmodulated note. It can also be specified with additional parameters like
(G)(start, end, rate, times)where
startis the starting pitch in cents with respect to the present note,
endis the ending pitch in cents,
rateis the rate of the shake, and
timesis the number of times for which the shake is to be repeated(including fractional numbers).
timingis a pair of
repeatswithout any separators. It is an optional specification. If a
timingspecification is not provided, it means the
notespecified in the previous token is a whole note (or has a duration of 1 period).
jatidenotes a subdivision of a period. It is an optional specification. A
.denotes a 1/2 note, a
;a 1/4 note and a
,a 1/8 note. If
jatiis omitted, it denotes a whole note.
repeatsspecification determines the factor by which a note duration derived from its
jatiis extended. It is an optional specification. It can take any numerical value from
8. If a
repeatsspecification is omitted, it means a default value of
.3denotes a note of duration
31/2 notes, since the
jatiis 1/2 note and the
repeatsis 3. As another example, a
2denotes a note of duration
2whole notes, and a
;denotes a note of duration of a 1/4 note.
timesis specified as a
Here is an example motif composed using the grammar specified above.
ni' Sa Ga ma dha(G) ni dha(G) Pa(G) 2 ma Pa(G) Pa .3 ma .3 Ga 2 Ga ma Ga 2 Re Sa 4 ma' dha' ni'(G) 2 Sa Ga ma dha ni(G) 2 ni Sa" 4 ni Sa" Ga" ma" Ga" Re" Sa" 4 ni Sa" dha(G) Pa .3 ma Pa(G) 2 Pa ma Ga 2 Ga ma Ga 2 Re 2 Sa 4 dha' ni' Sa 8
Here is another example showing the use of the full specification for a gamaka using the syntax of
(G)(start, end, rate, times).
Sa ma ga(G)(0,203.91,1.5,0.9) ma Dha(G)(0,111.73,1.5,0.9) ma Pa ;1 ga(G) Re Sa 2 ni'(G)(-30,30,5,2.95) Sa Re(G)(0,-182.4,1.5,0.9) 2 Sa ni' Dha'(G) 2 ma' Dha'(G)(0,-182.4,1.5,0.9) 2 Dha' ni'(G) Sa 2
The generated code uses the Venkatamakhin-Ramamatya tuning system (for details, refer to this article.) to generate the ratios representing each note. If these ratios are not right for you, you can use the fine tune adjustments to microtonally adjust the pitch of each note in your scale up to a resolution of 0.01 cents. The values you fill in for the fine tune adjustments are incorporated in the generated code.
If you are interested in learning more about the PureTones project, you can reach us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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